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S86E Implementation Cookbook V1.1

2017-02-01 View: 15729
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11.x项目配置指南模板

     Best Practice Solution Guide

4.1Preparation

4.1.1     Preparation before Installation

Preparation before installation

To ensure the installation successfully, make sure the installation site meets the requirements including ventilation, temperature, humidity, sanitary, power, fiber, cable .etc

For Detail information ,see hardware installation and reference guide of corresponding products , such as RG-S8600E Series Switch Hardware Installation and Reference Guide,V1.10

 

On the other hand, double confirm following important infomation ahead of schedule:

1. The network topology, configuration, IP routing information, user scale, traffic information and running status of current production network.

2. Equipment list and pre-sale solution.

3. Customer's requirements and corresponding features

4. The campatibility with current devices, like STP, AP with switches of other vendors

5. Current link and interface status including optical connector, fiber etc.

6. Design the Network and acquire customer's agreement

7. Customer's network verification requirements

8. Customer's cut over plan requirements

9. Customer's acceptance inspection requirements

4.1.2     Check Switch Software/Hardware

Check software

This figure shows how to display soft and hardware version

Ruijie# show version

 

Software selection rules:

1. We suggest you to update the new switch to the latest firmware

2. We suggest you to update the existing switch to the latest firmware also if they're running steady

3. For detail technical specification , see corresponding product configuration guide ,or visit our service portal http://case.ruijienetworks.com/

 

Note

Confirm whether the project is a "expansion network" or "new network"

1) If the project is a expansion network ,focus on the compatibility as following :

Expansion module/line card

For detail infomation , see "Hardware Supported"  in corresponding product release notes

 

Expansion switch

Focus on the campatibility of different protols (especially MSTP) between Ruijie and other vendor.Do a full validation before implementation

            

2) If the project is a new network

Determine whether the current/latest firmware supports customer's requirement , see configuration guide of corresponding product

 

3)Read release notesand double confirm the matters need attention

 

Check hardware

Take S8600E series switches as example (see RG-S8600E Series Switch Hardware Installation and Reference Guide)

1. M8600E-CM

 

2. M8600E-24GT20SFP4XS-ED LED

 

3. M8600E-48GT-ED LED

 

4. M8600E-48GT-EF LED

 

4.2 Best Practic Scenario

4.2.1     Education

Dual core using VSU

I. Requirement

1. Core swtich Configure two S8600E chassis swithes as VSU , and connect VSU to WAN zone with double uplinks

2. Server farmConnect some Servers and storage  to data center switch S6220 and S6220 is also gateway for servers and storage .You can also connect other servers that have equiped with double NICs to VSU with double links

3. Aggregation switchFor Layer 3 Aggregation switches , they are user gateway and run OSPF  .Connect a aggregation switch to two VSU members independently . For Layer 2 aggregation switch , connect them  to two VSU members   independently ,and VSU is the user gateway.

 

II. Network Topology

   

 

 

III. Common requirements and features

Select features below base on requirements:

 

IV. Optional optimization

Select optional optimization below base on requirements:

V. Verification

1. For single feature verification, see verification method in each corresponding chapter

2. For total network running status, see Appendix

4.3    Appendix: Common Verification Command

4.3.1     Show version

The example shows the firmware version on a box switch:

Configuration

Ruijie# show version

 

For chassis switch, you must double confirm each line card has been correctly installed

Configuration

Ruijie# show version slot

       

        Examples

Dev Slot  Configured Module Online Module  User Status   Software Status --- ----  -----------------   -----  --------------

1 1     none           none

1 2 M8606-24SFP/12GT M8606-24SFP/12GT installed none

1 3 M8606-2XFP M8606-2XFP uninstalled  cannot startup

1 4 M8606-24GT/12SFP M8606-24GT/12SFP installed ok

1 M1 M8606-CM   M8606-CM                 master

1   M2

 

DevDevice ID, equal to 1 by default, and maybe 2 or more if it is a VSU.

SlotSlot ID slots number of different model vary, but all model has 2 engine slots --M1 and M2 and can plug in either M1 or M2 if there's only one engine.

PortPort number of the line card. Combo port caculates as one port only.

Configured Module Installed module, and must be the same to Online Module

Online ModuleWhether the module powers on and recognized

User StatusLine card status, installed or uninstalled

Software Status "OK" indicates working properly, Master indicates primary engine, backup indicates backup engine.

4.3.2          Show run

This example shows how to display switch configuration

Configuration

Ruijie# show run

 

Examples

Ruijie# show run

 

Building configuration...

Current configuration : 1366 bytes

 

version 11.0(1B2)

!

cwmp

!

install 3 M8600E-24XS4QXS-DB

!

sysmac 1414.4b34.5624

!

nfpp

 

4.3.3     Show CPU

 View cpu utilization every 5s, 1m or 5m by command "show cpu"

Configuration

Ruijie# show cpu

 

Examples

Ruijie# show cpu

===============================================

CPU Using Rate Information

CPU utilization in five seconds:  4.80%

CPU utilization in one minute:  4.10%

CPU utilization in five minutes:  4.00%

 

 NO      5Sec    1Min    5Min Process

    1   0.00%   0.00%   0.00% init

    2   0.00%   0.00%   0.00% kthreadd

    3   0.00%   0.00%   0.00% ksoftirqd/0

    4   0.00%   0.00%   0.00% events/0

--More--

 

 

Usually, "CPU utilization in five minutes" shall be kept below 30% ; Pay attention if it exceeds 60%.

4.3.4     Show memory

This example shows current memory status 

Configuration

Ruijie# show memory

 

 

Usually, "Used Rate" shall be kept below 75%; Pay attention if it exceeds 80%.

4.3.5     Show power

This example shows the power status on a chassis switch

Configuration

Ruijie# show power

 

Examples

Ruijie# show power

Chassis-type:  RG_S8605E

Power-redun:  no

Energy-saving:  off

power-id  power-type    supply(W)  status  vol-in/out(V)  cur-out(mA)  supply-out(W)

--------  ------------  ---------  ------  -------------  -----------  -------------

1         PA600I        600        ok      231   /12       3500         42

2         PA600I        600        ok      232   /12       1000         12

3         PA1600I_P     1600       ok      N/A   /55       0            0

 

 

4.3.6     Show fan

This example shows the fan status on a chassis switch

Configuration

Ruijie# show fan

 

Examples

Ruijie# show fan

Chassis-type:  RG_S8605E

Fan-id:  1

    Fan-type:        M05_FAN

    Serial Number:   1234567890123

    Energy-saving:   off

 

fan-id  status  mode      speed-level

------  ------  --------  -----------

1       ok      normal    N/A

 

4.3.7     Show temperature

This example shows the temperature status on a chassis switch

Configuration

Ruijie# show temperature

 

Examples

Ruijie#show temperature

Chassis-type:  RG_S8605E

slot    card_type          warning(C)   shutdown(C)     current(C)

------- ------------------ ------------ --------------- ------------------------------

1       N/A                N/A          N/A             N/A

 

4.3.8     Show clock

   Configuration

Ruijie# show clock

 

Examples

Ruijie#show clock                                                

18:01:03 beijing Tue, Dec 3, 2013

 

4.3.9     Show log

This example shows logs in buffer

Configuration

Ruijie# show log

 

Examples

Ruijie#show log

  Syslog logging: enabled

  Console logging: level debugging, 15495 messages logged

  Monitor logging: level debugging, 0 messages logged

  Buffer logging: level debugging, 15496 messages logged

  Standard format: false

  Timestamp debug messages: datetime

  Timestamp log messages: datetime

  Sequence-number log messages: enable

  Sysname log messages: enable

  Count log messages: enable

  Trap logging: level informational, 15242 message lines logged,0 fail

    logging to  202.101.11.22

    logging to  192.168.200.112

Log Buffer (Total 131072 Bytes): have written 1336,

015487: *Sep 19 02:46:13: Ruijie %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet 0/24,                                                

 

This example shows how to read logs in flash

Configuration

Ruijie# more flash:syslog.txt

 

Examples

4.3.10  Verify flash

This example shows how to display file list in flash 

Configuration

Ruijie# dir

 

Examples

 

4.3.11  Verify local MAC address

You can enter "show arp" EXEC command to display Layer 3 MAC address.

This example shows the Layer 3 MAC address on S8600 switch. "--"indicates that this arp entry is a local one.

Configuration

Ruijie# show arp

 

Examples

Ruijie#show arp

Total Numbers of Arp: 7

Protocol Address Age(min) Hardware Type Interface

Internet 192.168.195.68 0 0013.20a5.7a5f arpa VLAN 1

Internet 192.168.195.67 0 001a.a0b5.378d arpa VLAN 1

Internet 192.168.195.65 0 0018.8b7b.713e arpa VLAN 1

 

4.3.12  Verify MAC table

This example displays mac address table

Configuration

Ruijie# show mac-address-table

 

Examples

Ruijie#show mac-address-table

Vlan        MAC Address          Type     Interface

----------  -------------------- -------- -------------------

   1        1414.4b19.ecc0       DYNAMIC  GigabitEthernet 0/2                                

 

This example displays mac address statistics

Ruijie#show mac-address-table count

Dynamic Address Count : 51

Static Address Count : 0

Filter Address Count : 0

Total Mac Addresses  : 51

4.3.13  Verify ARP table

This example displays arp table

Configuration

Ruijie# show arp

 

Examples

Ruijie#show arp

Total Numbers of Arp: 7

Protocol Address Age(min) Hardware Type Interface

Internet 192.168.195.68 0 0013.20a5.7a5f arpa VLAN 1

Internet 192.168.195.67 0 001a.a0b5.378d arpa VLAN 1

 

 

This example displays detail arp information including port, vlan etc

Configuration

Ruijie# show arp detail

 

Examples

Ruijie#show arp detail

IP Address MAC Address Type Age(min) Interface Port

20.1.1.1 000f.e200.0001 Static -- -- --

20.1.1.1 000f.e200.0001 Static -- Vl3 --

20.1.1.1 000f.e200.0001 Static -- Vl3 Gi2/0/1

 

This example displays arp statistics

Configuration

Ruijie# show arp count

 

Examples

Ruijie#show arp count

The Arp Entry counter:0

The Unresolve Arp Entry:0

4.3.14  Verify route table

This example displays IP route table

Configuration

Ruijie# show ip route

 

Examples

Ruijie# show ip route

 

Codes:  C - Connected, L - Local, S - Static

        R - RIP, O - OSPF, B - BGP, I - IS-IS, V - Overflow route

        N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2

        E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2

 

This example displays IP route statistics

Configuration

Ruijie# show ip route count

 

Examples

Ruijie# show ip route count

--------- route info ----------

the num of active route: 5

 

4.3.15  Verify interface IP address

This example displays IP address on Layer 3 port or SVI

Configuration

Ruijie# show ip interface brief

 

Examples

Ruijie# show ip interface brief

Interface IP-Address(Pri) IP-Address(Sec) Status Protocol GigabitEthernet 0/10 2.2.2.2/24 3.3.3.3/24 down down GigabitEthernet 0/11 no address no address down down

VLAN 1 1.1.1.1/24 no address down down

 

4.3.16  Verify interface status and description

This example displays port status of all ports including link status, vlan, duplex, speed, medium type

Configuration

Ruijie# show interface status

 

Examples

Ruijie# Ruijie#show interfaces GigabitEthernet 0/1 status

Interface              Status       Vlan     Duplex  Speed   Type

--------------------   ----------   ------   ------  ------  ------GigabitEthernet 0/1    up           1        Full    1000M   copper

 

 

This example displays interface description

Configuration

Ruijie# show interface description

 

This example displays port status of port G0/1

Ruijie#show interfaces gigabitEthernet 0/1

 Index(dec):1 (hex):1

GigabitEthernet 0/1 is DOWN  , line protocol is DOWN   

Hardware is marvell GigabitEthernet

Description: TO-ZGE-S8610-2_GE2/1

Interface address is: no ip address

  MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1000000 Kbit

  Encapsulation protocol is Bridge, loopback not set

  Keepalive interval is 10 sec , set

  Carrier delay is 2 sec

  RXload is 1 ,Txload is 1

  Queueing strategy: WFQ

  Switchport attributes:

    interface's description:"TO-ZGE-S8610-2_GE2/1"

    medium-type is copper

    lastchange time:0 Day: 0 Hour:45 Minute:26 Second

    Priority is 0

    admin duplex mode is AUTO, oper duplex is Unknown

    admin speed is AUTO, oper speed is Unknown

    flow control admin status is OFF,flow control oper status is Unknown

    broadcast Storm Control is ON,multicast Storm Control is OFF,unicast Storm Control is ON

  5 minutes input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec             

  5 minutes output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec         

    37167599 packets input, 2566418459 bytes, 45 no buffer, 45 dropped     ------>input direction dropping

    Received 58764 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants

    0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 abort

    37210638 packets output, 2565322398 bytes, 0 underruns , 0 dropped    ------>output direction dropping

    0 output errors, 0 collisions, 0 interface resets

 

4.3.17  Verify interface packets statistics

This example displays traffic counters on port F0/1

Configuration

Ruijie# show interface counters

 

Examples

Ruijie#show int fastEthernet 0/1 counters

Interface : Fa0/1

5 minute input rate  : 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

5 minute output rate : 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

InOctets             : 68023600

InUcastPkts          : 92842   

InMulticastPkts      : 36700  

InBroadcastPkts      : 75636  

OutOctets            : 3630373 

OutUcastPkts         : 32053   

OutMulticastPkts     : 1059   

OutBroadcastPkts     : 13231  

[1] Undersize packets    : 0

[2] Oversize packets     : 0

[3] collisions           : 0

[4] Fragments            : 0

[5] Jabbers              : 0

[6] CRC alignment errors : 0

[7] AlignmentErrors      : 0

[8] FCSErrors            : 0

[9] dropped packet events (due to lack of resources): 0

[10] packets received of length (in octets):                                      

  64:119136, 65-127: 75769, 128-255: 12663,

  256-511: 3149, 512-1023: 1955, 1024-1518: 38849

 

[1] A packet which is shorter than Ethernet's minimum packet size of 64 bytes, but has correct checksum.

[2] A packet which is longer than Ethernet's maximum packet size of 1518 bytes, but has correct checksum.

[3] Collisions: multiple sites try to send traffic at the same time, leading to a collision, usually it's the duplex problem

[4] A packet which is shorter than Ethernet's minimum packet size of 64 bytes, but has wrong checksum.

[5] A packet which is shorter than Ethernet's minimum packet size of 1518 bytes, but has wrong checksum.

[6] CRC alignment errors: The same to FCS, CRC is the local checksum .Peer recalculates and compares with FCS after receiving the packet

[7] Alignment errorAlignment errors are caused by misaligned reads and writes

[8] Modified or missing fram: FCS checksum error

[9] Statistics for Dropped packets

[10] Statistics for received packets based on packet length (in octets)

 

This example displays traffic summary of all ports

 

This example displays traffic rate of all ports